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牛津初中英语译林版8下Unit5 Good manners Reading I_图文

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符合*俗的,正确的 proper
问候,打招呼 greet 与某人握手 shake sb’s hand 亲吻 kiss 亲密的 close



bump 挡住某人的路 in one’s way
触碰 劳驾 到---时 touch excuse me till

(非正式)交谈
避免 话题 表现 avoid subject behave

conversation 也

as well (as) 大声地 loudly 正如 谚语 as saying

公开地 in public

罗马人 Roman

插队

push in

偶然 by accident

Find out the meanings of the new words.
a. a small talk 1. proper ____ e b. try not to do something 2. greet ____ f c. go in front of other people who are waiting 3. conversation ___ a d. hit someone or 4. avoid ____ b something by accident 5. push in ____ c e. right or correct 6. bump ____ d f. say hello to someone or welcome them

Let’s learn something about manners in the UK.
A When in Rome

Read the conversation and answer the questions: ? What is the conversation about?
Good manners in the UK. ? What is the famous saying? When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

重点短语句型
1. invite sb to do sth 2. the proper way to do sth. 3. greet people 4. shake one’s hand 5. for the first time 6. close friends 7. avoid doing sth 8. behave politely 9.in public 10.push in before others 1.邀请某人做某事 2.做某事的适当方法 3.与人打招呼;问候人 们 4.握某人的手 5.首次;第一次 6.密友,知己 7.避免做某事 8.表现有礼 9.在公共场合;当众 10.挤在别人前面

重点短语句型
11. bump into someone 12. in the street 13. in one’s way 14. push past sb 15. be polite 16. all the time 17. tips for sb 18. keep your voice down 19. be helpful to 20. I hope so. 21. Just as the saying goes 22. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

11.撞到别人 12.在街上 13.挡住某人的路 14.从某人身边挤过去 15.有礼貌 16.一直;总是 17.给某人的提示 18.声音放低一点 19.有助于 20.但愿如此。 21.正如俗话所说 22.入乡随俗。

the proper(正确的)way to greet people Shake one’s hand 握手
shake --shook --shaken

say “hello” or “nice to meet you”
vt.问候[ɡri:t]

greet relatives or close friends with a kiss greet sb. with a kiss
n.亲吻[k?s]

adj.亲密的[kl??s]

start a conversation

[K?nv?sei?n](非正式)交谈

talk about the weather, holidays, music, books…

avoid(避免) asking age, weight or money avoid doing sth.

[?v?id]

in public
公开的,
在群众面前

['p?bl?k]

queue for their turn

never push in before others
[p??]插队

never shout or laugh loudly

adv.大声地

[la?dl?]

bump into someone 撞到某人
vi.碰,撞

[b?mp]

in one’s way
挡住某人的路

Excuse me 劳驾

push past

从…身边挤过去

be at home

be polite as well(也)
say “please” or “thank you” all the time(一直)

not shout or laugh loudly

keep one’s voice down (压低声音)

Read Lines1--6 , answer the questions
1. What is the proper way to greet people in the UK? British people say ?hello? or ? nice to meet you? and shake your hands when they meet for the first time. 2. Who do they greet with a kiss? They only greet relatives or close friends with a kiss..

Read Lines7--9, complete the chart. How to start a conversation

talk about subjects

avoid subjects

______________

weather

______________

holidays

______________ ______________ ______________

age

music ______________

books ______________

weight

something ______________ else

money

Read Lines10--19, complete the table. Read by yourselves and finish the form.
do
always queue

don’t
push in before others

In public

say sorry when bumping into someone touch or push past. say “excuse me” if someone is in their way. At home say “please” or “thank you” all the time

Read line 20—26 together and answer.

What else should we pay attention to
(注意) in public in the UK? We should keep our voice down in public.

discussion
Talk about manners in the UK .
?how to greet each other

?how to start a conversation
?how to behave in public

?how to behave at home

How to greet each other
1.British people say “hello” or “nice to meet you” and shake hands when they meet you for the first time.
2.They only greet relatives or close friends with a kiss.

How to start a conversation
1. They talk about the weather, holidays, music or something else 2.Avoid talking about age, weight or money

How to behave in public
1.Always queque. It’s rude to push in before others. 2.If they bump into someone in the street, they will say “sorry”. 3.If you are in their way, they won’t touch you or push past you. They will say “excuse me”and be polite enough to wait till you move. 4.Keep their voice down

How to behave at home
They say “please” and “thank you” all the time.

Write a T if the statement is true or an F if it’s false. 1. British shake your hand when they meet you for the first time. T 2. They only usually greet people greet relatives or close friends with a kiss. F 3. British never always queue. F 4. They say “sorry” if they bump into others in T the street. 5. British don?t shout or laugh loudly F shout or laugh loudly in public. 6. They say “please” and “thank you” all the time at home. T

B2 Simon is trying to make sure that he remembers what Jenny talked about on the radio. Help him tick for what British people do and for what they do not do. Greeting: say “hello” or “nice to meet you” _____ shake hands _____ usually greet people with a kiss _____

talk about the weather, holidays, music or books _____ talk about age, weight or money _____ In public: queue for something ____ push in before others ____ say “sorry” if they bump into others ____ push past people ____ shout or laugh loudly ____

At home: say “please” and “thank you” all the time _____

B3

Jenny is writing an article about good manners in the UK for the school newsletter. Help her complete her article with the correct words.

Good manners in the UK British people usually say “hello” or “nice to meet you” and (1) _______________ shake your hand when they meet you for the first time.

relatives or close They only greet (2) ________ friends with a kiss. They like to start a (3) conversation with subjects like the weather, ___________ avoid holidays, music or books. They (4) _____ talking about age, weight or money. British push in people think it is rude to (5) _________ before others. They always (6) queue ______. bump into They say “sorry” if they (7) __________ you in the street.

When they want you to (8) ______, move they say “excuse me”. They do not like to shout in public British or laugh loudly (9) _________. people are (10) _______ polite at home too. They say “please” or “thank you” (11) all the time ___________. “When in Rome, do as (12) ___________ the Romans do.” When we are in a strange place, we should do as the local people do.

Talk about the differences in manners between the UK and China. Work in pairs and discuss with your partner about the questions.

1. How do we great each other? 2. How do we usually start a conversation? 3. Do we always queue? 4. What do we do if someone is in our way? 5. Do we shout or laugh loudly in public? 6. Do we say “please” and “thank you” at home? 7. Do we need to improve our manners?

Language points
1. People say “hello” or ...and shake your hand when they meet you for the first time.
do sth. for the first time “第一次做某事” shake one’s hand

“握手”

Chinese people usually shake your hand to express their friendliness. 中国人通常用握手来表达友好。

2. Do they greet people with a kiss?
greet somebody with … 以……方式跟人打招呼 e.g. She greeted us with a smile. 她微笑着跟我们 打了个招呼。

3. Please avoid subjects like age, weight or money. avoid vt,避免 后面直接跟宾语。
avoid后常跟v.?ing形式,构成avoid doing sth.结构, 意为“避免做某事”。 avoid sth. avoid doing sth. 避免某事 避免做某事

根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 (1) 我们必须认真做作业避免错误。 We must do our homework carefully to avoid mistakes _______________.
(2) 王先生设法避免让他的经理生气。 avoid makinghis manager Mr Wang tried to _____________ angry.

4. Do people there behave politely in public? behave v. 表现 e.g. I do not think it's proper for you to behave so. 我认为您这样的举止不合体统。 public n. 民众,群体 e.g. The palace is now open to the public. 宫殿现在向民众开放了。 in public 公开地,在别人面前 e.g. Smoking is not allowed in public places. 公共场所不允许抽烟。

Language points
5. They think it’s rude to push in before others. cut in It is + adj + (for sb) + to do sth. (对某人来说,)做某事…… push v. 推, 挤 和push相对应的词是pull,可意为“拉,拖, 拔” 。 e.g. Don’t push the door. Pull it, please. 不要推门。请拉开。 push in 插队,加塞 美国人常用“cut in”

Language points
6. If you’re in their way, they won’t touch you or push past you .
be in one’s way 挡住某人的路 e.g. I couldn't walk very fast because a lot of people got in my way. 我不能走的很快,因为很多人挡了我的路。

touch vt. 触摸, 碰 e.g. You can’t touch that thing. 你不能碰那个东西。 If 引导条件状语从句
如果明天下雨,我们将不去野餐了。 If it rains, we won’t go for a picnic.

Language points
7. They’ll say “excuse me” and ...to wait till you move. till/ until 直到......才......
昨天他一直等我到我们放学。

He waited for me until our school was over.
要到完成这项工作我们才能离开。

We can’t leave till we finish the work.

Excuse me和I’m sorry的用法不同,前者是 打扰或麻烦别人的客套用语,后者则是做错 事后的道歉用语。
e.g. Excuse me. Can you tell me how to go to the park? 劳驾,你能告诉我如何去公园吗? I’m sorry. I broke your glass this morning. 很抱歉,我早上打碎了你的杯子。

8.British people are very polite at home as well, aren’t they? 也

表示“也”的几种用法: as well一般不用否定句,通常放在句末,强 调时可放在句中。 either用于否定句,放在句末,之前加逗号。 too语气较轻,多用于口语,在肯定句中使用, 通常位于句末。 also比too正式一些,语气较重,只用于肯定 句,一般紧靠动词。

to greet 1.What’s the proper way________(greet ) people? making 2.Please avoid_________(make)mistakes. politely 3. Do you behave ________(polite)in public? push 4.It’s rude to ______(push) in others. say 5.If they bump into sb, they will ______(say) sorry. to wait (wait) 6.They are polite enough _________ till you move.

to look 7. He is too young _________(look) himself. their 8.If you are in ___________(they)way, they won’t touch ____________(not touch) or push past you. 9.shake your hand when they meet C ________the first time. A.at B. on C. for D .of to talk 10.We have invited Jenny ________ (talk)about manners.

一、选择合适短语完成句子。
as well in one’s way in public push in shake sb’s hand 1. My classmates love music. I love it _______. as well push in before 2. It is impolite to ________ others.

as well push in

in one’s way in public shake sb’s hand

in public 3. We should not speak loudly ________. 4. Chinese people usually _______________ shake your hand when they meet you for the first time. 5. Please do not stand __________. in my way I am in a hurry.

二、翻译短语。 1. 问候人们的正确方式 the proper way to greet people 2. 握某人的手 shake sb.’s hand 3. 第一次见到你 meet you for the first time 4. 以亲吻的方式跟人打招呼 greet people with a kiss

5. 在公共场合举止文明
behave politely in public 6. 撞到某人 bump into someone 7. 挡住某人的路 in one’s way 8. 一直 all the time 9. 保持低声调 keep your voice down 10. 正如那句谚语所说

just as the saying goes

三、翻译句子。 1. 今天我已邀请了King先生谈论美国的礼 仪。 to Today we _____ have _______ invited Mr King ____ ____ talk ______ about ________ manners in the USA. 2. 有时我们中国人以拥抱的方式问候亲戚或 亲密的朋友。 Sometimes we Chinese _____ greet ________ relatives or ______ close friends _____ with a hug.

3. 在这儿等我回来。 _____ Wait here ____ till ___ I come back. 4. 如果有人挡住了路,你可以说“劳 驾”。 in _____ your way If someone is ___ ____, you can say “______ Excuse _____”. me

1. Recite the conversation.

2. Finish the exercises in the
workbook.




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